Best 5 Beethoven Books on Amazon
1.Beethoven: The Universal Composer by Edmund Morris
2.Beethoven by Maynard Solomon
3.Beethoven: The Music and the Life by Lewis Lockwood
4.Late Beethoven: Music, Thought, Imagination by Maynard Solomon
5.Beethoven as I Knew Him by Anton Felix Schindler
Piano Sonata in D major op. 28, sonatas of op. 31 and the Sonatas of op. 49
Sonata in D major op. 28 also named The Pastoral Sonata was written about the same time as Sonata in C sharp minor but it renders completely different feelings. We encounter here a jovial summer air filled with bees and scent of flowers. The difference between the two sonatas is more than evident, thing that once more proves Beethoven’s power and love of life.
The sonatas of op. 31 were written between 1801-1802 and they offer a means of rendering the multiple possibilities offered by the sonata form. They have a very powerful contrasting character. The first sonata has a crystalline character with a style very close to that of Haydn, the second one has a “demon-like” spirit and the third expresses the composer’s joy of life.
Sonata in D minor op. 31 no. 2 is distinguished through the manner of construction of the first part, containing the sequence Largo and Allegro twice in a row.
The sonata is also known as Sonata with Recital, or The Tempest Sonata because in the first part, after the rendering of the main theme, there are two cases of musical phrases for the superior voice with a recital character without accompaniment. Alsvang notices a resemblance between this recital and the melodic line of the ending to Symphony IX, resemblance created by the solo of the baritone in the presentation of the theme in the last part.
When asked to explain the significance of this sonata, Beethoven said: "Read attentively Shakespeare’s Tempest!" (Edwin Fischer, Beethoven’s Piano Sonatas).
The Sonatas of op. 49 (sonata in G minor, sonata in G major) are also known as Sonates faciles, and they were previously composed with the intention to be used by the music lovers who did not have a perfect technique.
Read more about Beethoven's Piano sonatas
- Sonata in F minor, op. 2, no. 1
- Sonata in A major, op. 2, no. 2
- Sonata in C major op. 2, no. 3
- Sonata in E flat major, op. 7
- Sonata in C minor, op. 10, no.1
- Sonata in C minor, op. 13, “Pathetique”
- Sonata in A major, op. 10, no. 2
- Sonata in D major, op. 10, no. 3
- Sonata in G major, op. 14, no. 2
- Sonata in B flat major, op. 22
- Sonata in E flat major, op. 26
- Sonata in E major, op. 14 no. 1
- Sonata in E flat major, op. 27, nr. 1
- Sonata in C sharp minor, op. 27, nr. 2 “The Moonlight Sonata”
- Sonata in D major, op. 28 “Pastorala”
- Sonata in G major, op. 31, no. 1
- Sonata in D minor, op. 31, no. 2
- Sonata in E flat major, op. 31, no. 3
- Sonata in G minor, op.49, no. 1
- Sonata in G major, op. 49, no. 2
- Sonata in C major,No. 21 op. 53 “Waldstein”
- Sonata in F major, op.54
- Sonata in F minor, op. 57, “Appassionata”
- Sonata in F sharp major, op. 78
- Sonata in G major, op. 79
- Sonata in E flat major, op. 81 a
- Sonata in E minor, op. 90
- Sonata in A major, op. 101
- Sonata in B flat major, op. 106, “Hammerklavier”
- Sonata in E major, op. 109
- Sonata in A flat major, op. 110
- Sonata in C minor, op. 111
Read more about Beethoven's music
- Beethoven Symphonies - Each of the nine Beethoven symphonies analyzed.
- Trios - General discussion regarding Beethoven's trios for various instruments and ensembles.
- Sonatas for Cello and Piano - Discussion about Beethoven's five cello and piano sonatas.
- Sonatas for Violin and Piano - Overview of Beethoven's ten sonatas for violin and piano.
- String Quartets - Brief analysis of Beethoven's seventeen string quartets.
- The Opera "Fidelio" - The background, subject and influences of Beethoven's only opera.
- The Concertos - Beethoven's five piano concertos, his violin concerto and triple concerto analyzed.
- The Overtures - Brief overview of some of the most important Beethoven overtures.